Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or ADHD is a mental health disorder. The person suffering from ADHD can be expected to be hyperactive. The person suffering from ADHD can show normal or above normal mental activity. The ADHD makes the person keep on switching between works. They can’t stay focused or centric towards any work or job they are pursuing. ADHD is not based on age or gender, but the disorder can be widely noticed among children. ADHD can even found in people of elder ages. A restless urge forces he/she to pass the concentration towards a new task or order when carrying out another.
ADHD was first ever mentioned in the year, 1902. British Pediatrician Sir George Still was able to notice abnormal defect of moral control among certain children. George noticed the fact that some children were intelligent but still lacked the control over them from performing a cross-talk. The disorder was first originally coined as hyperkinetic impulse disorder. It took nearly 60 years after Sir George still finding’s for American Pediatric Association (APA) to recognize ADHD as a Mental disorder among humans. The second issue of the Diagnostic and statistical manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), 1968 noted the problem. The third issue renamed the disorder as ADD- Attention Deficit Disorder. But many believed hyperactivity was not a common symptom which made the ADD to be classified as with and without hyperactivity. The revised version of DSM in 1987 gained the proper terms for the disorder as ADHD; Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
ADHD among children
The disorder can widely seem among children of younger age. With growing knowledge and known symptoms about the disorder; many parents consulted with doctors regarding their son/ daughter inability. Children with ADHD show patterns of inattention, hyperactive-ness, impulsive and incomplete pro forma.
Signs of ADHD in children
- Constantly in motion
- Twists and tangled can be noticed
- Lack of attention
- Loud noise creation
- Interruption of tasks and speech
- Too Easily distracted
The primary child doctor can detect the ADHD mental disorder in children. The guide from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) can come in handy. It is said that commonly ADHD can be diagnosed between 4 to 18 years of age. Although the symptoms show clear depictions only after the age of 12; the identification can be tricky below the age of 5. Many children are mistaken for other health-related issues with ADHD. In many cases, the behavior of the child can be mistaken for ADHD whereas the real signs may be of
- Bi-polar disorder
- Undetected Seizures
- Medical disorders detecting brain function
Types of ADHD in Children
ADHD in children can be sub-classified into 3 types.
- Hyperactive/Impulsive type – This type of ADHD can be seen exhibiting good traits of listening. The child can be both hyperactive and impulsive based on the moods wing.
- Inattentive type – This type of ADHD was classified by the American Pediatric Association (APA) as ADD. The active state of the child can be seen normal. As the behavior of the child stands distinct; it is difficult to determine this type.
- Combined type (Hyperactive/ Impulsive/ Inattentive) – This is the most common form of ADHD found in children. Children should hyperactive-ness with low attention from people surrounded by them. They can be impulsive at times.
ADHD treatment for children
The treatment plan includes special educational plans, intervention with the child psychologically and the extreme cases drugs are even included. Studies have proved that long-term medication and behavioral therapies show better results compared to bare medications. Lack of therapies imparts depression traits in children; behavioral therapies.
Drugs for Children
There are numerous amounts of drugs medications available for children. A class of pharmaceutical drugs coded as the psychostimulants is a much adoptive one for children for good results in treatment. Psychostimulants include Adderall, Vyvanse, Focalin, Adzenys XR-ODT, Ritalin, Daytrana, Quillivant XR, and Concerta. There are even nonstimulant treatments for ADHD in children. Medications like Kapvay, Intuniv, and Strattera are non-stimulant treatment. ADHD treatment can be done in a short time, medium and even long time based on the need for the treatment. Usually, it takes many consultation sessions for doctors to finalize the treatment because some can have side effects on the children. The side effects caused are mild and does not last long.
Nondrug treatments adopted
Children may exhibit an adverse side effect for drug treatment. So it is better to carry out the treatment through nondrug means of medication.
It is also Known as Cognitive-behavioral Therapy. It can make the child feel better and ease the feelings. It preliminarily focuses on changing thoughts and identification. It is well known to reduce the impulsive behavior and also helps at improving mindfulness. Most people suffering from ADHD show signs of depression and anxiety; behavioral therapy can be a healer
This is the new way of ADHD treatment. Coaches or Executive Function coaches or organizational coaches exhibit plenty of techniques to treat ADHD. Some coaches are practicing therapists and even medical professionals. They help by making people learn. They can help with setting goals or making a person follow a set of plans over the day. They can improvise their way of living.
Behavioral therapy for parents and teacher
This means is adapted to make the surroundings great for the ADHD patients. Parents and teachers are given instructions and ways to interact with them. This may invoke a sense of safety for those people. They may start senses for providing attention to those around him/her.
It is also known as Brain training or EEG Biofeedback. The treatment involves placing a headgear in the scalps of the children or adult to monitor the brain waves. The person fitted with headgear starts to play a computerized game inside the head to help him/her learn about their brain’s function. The treatment has a verdict of creating positive results. The children ability to listen, manage time, staying on to a task has improved a lot.
Children from ADHD often show symptoms of depression and anxiety. Music has been like medicine as it calms the soul of an individual. Music therapy cannot replace the behavioral and medication treatments but it has a proven share of benefits. Many ADHD treatments include music therapy.
ADHD affects the frontal lobes of the bran. It marks the control center. It helps to plan and organize anything. Children find awe in screens. The assistive technology means the apps that can help the child perform the particular function. Calculator, Calendar, notes can help a child. But it takes several tech tools to get the right sidekick for the child. Even too much of screen time can worsen the symptoms of ADHD.
Proper and scheduled exercise patterns help control ADHD symptoms. Exercises boost the mind of an individual and provide with attention issues even. Even it can prevent or control the individual from performing risky things. Even a short exercise period can pump the levels of dopamine. Exercise also induces proper sleep patterns.
Healthy income creates a positive body and feels. Researchers say that healthy fruits and vegetable consuming food habit are much necessary for proper healthy brain development. There is no proof that a healthy diet heals ADHD completely. Children who consume less artificial food have been noted to have improved ADHD symptoms. Omega Fat 3 oils and zinc can contribute a proper healthy food habits
It is one of the most controversy oriented means of chiropractic treatment. It is believed that spinal issues like misalignment contribute to ADHD. Certain results depict greater improvements in children after chiropractic treatment. But still, studies are wondering can ADHD be cured by slightly adjusting the place of the spine
It is not clear whether supplements on vitamins and minerals can help with ADHD. Minerals and vitamins are basically essential for a brain to stay healthy. Some results show zinc supplements can be used to reduce the child’s hyperactive-ness and impulsiveness. Fish supplements may even prove healthy for the brain.
The frequency of ADHD treatments across all ages
- 9 out of 10 children with ADHD were treated with medication and/or behavioral therapy, both of which are recommended ADHD treatments. Of these children:
- About 4 in 10 (43%) were treated with medication alone — the most common single ADHD treatment,
- About 1 in 10 (13%) received behavioral therapy alone, and
- About 3 in 10 (31%) were treated with combination therapy (medication and behavioral therapy).
- About 1 in 10 children with ADHD were receiving neither medication treatment nor behavioral therapy.
- About 1 in 10 was taking dietary supplements for ADHD, which are not currently recommended for the treatment of ADHD.
ADHD in Adults
Most of the people suffering ADHD as an adult have it from being a child. The untreated or unidentified ADHD disorder has left to a trail of 60% of the adults having ADHD who had it as a child. Nearly 5 % of the American adults suffer from ADHD.
Symptoms of Adult ADHD
Even Adult ADHD can be identified from a set of symptoms the individual show.
- Struggle following Directions
- Forgetting the information
- Lack of Concentration
- Lack of Organized behavior
- Lack of Time management skills
Staying with ADHD as an adult would affect a vast part of the person’s life. This can cause trouble at college, office or even public gatherings. Most of such people start to learn and adapt to the surroundings.
There are numerous amounts of struggle an ADHD adult faces. The goes so long listing anxiety, chronic boredom, forgetting, Lack of Concentration, Problems at the workplace, Lack of attention giving, Less social skills, Mood swings, Lack of Management traits, anger issues, procrastination, drug addiction, lack of motivation, high intolerance. These types of people find it very hard to blend in with people. There are people who adapt to the surrounding and learn to fit like a normal being.
Treatment for Adult ADHD
There are both stimulant and non-stimulant means of treatment for Adults. The stimulant means of treatment include stimulant medications like Focalin, Adderall, Vyvanse, Adderall XR, Dexedrine, Metadate, Daytrana, Ritalin, Concerta, Methylin, and Quillivant XR.
The non-stimulant treatment includes Kapvay, Intuniv, and Strattera.
The stimulant means of treatment does not serve right at time cause drugs for adults cause certain implications
Stimulant drugs are none other than controlled substance. There are many cases of drug abuse found among ADHD patients.
ADHD patients tend to function rapidly and lack concentration and focus; making them forget to consume the medication on time as it requires multiple consumes in a day.
ADHD patients tend to take the medication at a part of the day but easily gets deviated with other tasks or jobs of the day. While consuming later by the day; alcohol users have to stay clean as it has effects with interferences.
ADHD diet for children and Adults
There is no evidence ADHD is caused by the diet. But consuming healthy can have positive effects. ADHD diet should comprise of healthy nutrient patterns of food. It helps the brain function more effectively preventing the lack of focus and concentration. There are three types of diets followed by ADHD people.
- Overall nutrition
- Supplementary Diet
- Eliminatory food habits
- Overall Nutrition
Overall nutrition means having a high protein food for lunch or breakfast to health with proper brain health. Consumption of More complex carbohydrate may have a positive payout e.g. Orange, Tangerine, kiwi, pears etc… Omega fatty 3 acids found in fishes, Brazil nuts, walnuts are a great supplement for diet
Many experts recommend consumption of 100% mineral and vitamin supplements. There are no results proving supplementary diet healing ADHD. These diets are for a healthy brain which eventually fights back ADHD. Consultation with a doctor can help one with the supplementary diet.
Eliminatory Food habits
There are many unhealthy junk foods in our daily diet. Removal of unhealthiness and replacing with healthiness can cleanse one’s body. Removal of artificial food additives and colorants, Junk foods should be eliminated from the daily diet
ADHD people are more similar to other people. Certain lags in them don’t mean we should place them separately. They need the help of lots of people. Be one of them. There are many celebrities suffering from ADHD. One’s success and life story can’t be decided by a disorder