What causes Chronic Pain?


Pain is something that every human experience every now and then. Pain is considered to be something very negative that imparts suffering and unpleasant responses. However, the occurrences of pain can be considered as an important reaction passed on to the brain through the nervous system so that we could be aware of any possible injury. At any instance of an injury, pain signals traverse to the brain from the injured area through the nervous system.

As we all know, pain diminishes once the injured area heals. Once it is healed, the pain signals aren’t sent to the brain which kind of notifies us that the pain has decreased potentially. However, this is not the same in cases of chronic pain. Chronic pain is very much different than the normal pain. In cases of chronic pain, the body sends repeated pain signals to the brain even after that particular region is healed. This give rises to immense pain for a long period of time. Sometimes chronic pain can last up to certain days or weeks and in some cases, it can also extend to years which might become a grave issue for any patient. Chronic pain tends to reduce stability and mobility affecting strength and endurance gradually over the years. It also disrupts the daily activities making life miserable.

Chronic pain can be considered as that pain that can last up to 12 weeks or even more. The areas concentrated with Chronic pain can lead to a burning sensation that will either be steady or intermittent in its existence. The worst part of chronic pain is that it arises without any specific reason. Chronic pain can come up in any part of the body with a different sense in different areas of the body.

The very common forms of Chronic pain include

  • A headache
  • Pain linked to surgery
  • Trauma Pain
  • Pain in the back
  • Cancer
  • Arthritis
  • Pain due to nerve damage
  • Pain due to injury

Statistics show that more than 1.5 billion people in the world suffer from chronic pain which leads to long-term disability in most places of the United States.

Causes of Chronic Pain :


Chronic pain arises due to an injury in some cases. The injury might have happened due to sprain or muscle pull due to the damage in nerves. The nerve damage results in an intense pain that can go on for years. The healing doesn’t take place just by treating the injured area. But in some cases, the cause of chronic pain might remain a mystery since it can even evolve without any injury. Though the exact reason for chronic pain is yet to be researched, these health conditions have a role to play at the advent of chronic pain.

  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, which arises due to tiredness leading to immense pain.
  • Endometriosis – A disorder where the uterine lining grows beyond the uterus resulting in severe pain.
  • Fibromyalgia – A condition of immense pain in the bones and muscles.
  • Interstitial cystitis – A chronic pain disorder due to the increase in bladder pressure.
  • A condition leading to inflammatory disease in the digestive tract.
  • Vulva pain which is very chronic in nature.

The risk of Chronic Pain :

Chronic pain is prevalent in people belonging to all ages though it is more widely seen in older adults. Other important factors influence it, apart from the age criteria, making people develop the risks of acquiring chronic pain. Those conditions are the ones at the time of injury, surgery or when someone is obese.

Treatment for Chronic Pain :


The main aspect of treatment towards chronic pain is inclined towards decreasing the pain. Once the pain is reduced, mobility gradually increases. Since the frequency of chronic pain can be different among various individuals, pain management plans are developed to cater to each person’s condition. Change in Lifestyle, medical treatments or a combination procedure is used t treat chronic pain efficiently.

Chronic Pain medications :

Some of the most commonly used medications to treat chronic pain have been listed below.

  • Pain relievers or anti-inflammatory drugs like Acetaminophen, Aspirin or Ibuprofen
  • Opioid pain relief drugs like morphine, codeine, and hydrocodone.
  • Analgesics and Anti-depressants

Procedures to treat Chronic Pain :

  • Electric Simulation- The process of pain reduction with the application of mild electric signals on muscles.
  • Blocking the never from sending pain signals to the brain.
  • The procedure of pricking the skin to reduce pain – Acupuncture.
  • Treating the parts which might not have healed well by the means of surgery.

Lifestyle treatment for Chronic Pain :

Various lifestyle remedies are available out there for the treatment of chronic pain.

  • Taichi
  • Yoga
  • Art and music therapy
  • Physical therapy
  • Massage
  • Pet therapy
  • Meditation
  • Psychotherapy

The process of Dealing with Chronic Pain :


Though there isn’t a complete cure for the condition of chronic pain, the management of chronic pain can be done efficiently by following the pain management plan to get rid of the symptoms. Physical pain can always have an impact on the emotional side and hence it can be menacing if left unattended. You will have to improve your emotional quotient which can help you reduce the stress in the process. The steps that can be taken to reduce stress are :

Eating well on time and exercising regularly can reduce the symptoms of chronic pain along with stress. So it is important that you take care of your body by building a right frame of mind.

Chronic pain can indeed disrupt normal life, but you will have to rise up with courage and carry on with your daily activities in order to combat stress efficiently. Hence it is important that you socialize with your friends and make yourself happy. Though chronic pain can make normal chores difficult, isolation can influence a negative impact on your health and well-being.

An emotional boost is very necessary at this point in time and hence you will have to seek support from friends and family for a morale boost. Even if you have difficulties at work due to pain, immense support from your loved ones can be a great relief.